It does not occur to her that the boy may really have blown the candle out in order not to have to tell her with the light on about his disgrace at school. According to this theory, the young governess who tells the story is a neurotic case of sex repression, and the ghosts are not real ghosts at all but merely the hallucinations of the governess.
I do not know who first propounded the theory; but Miss Edna Kenton, whose insight into James is profound, has been one of its principal exponents, and the late Charles Demuth did a set of illustrations for the story based on this interpretation.
The Governess First we have the governess, a young unnamed woman hired by a bachelor to take care of his niece and nephew. Dupee, Henry Holt and Co. There seems here to be only a single circumstance which does not fit into the hypothesis that the ghosts are hallucinations of the governess: Others are made sympathetic: Though the element of irony in Henry James is often underestimated by his readers, there are stories which leave us in doubt as to whether or not the author knew how his heroes would strike his readers.
How is The Sacred Fount to be taken? Grose, but both claim not to see it. Grose is below her in station, the children are above her.
His superior station in life is at least as much a part of the seduction as any personal attractiveness. Even though they are of different stations, Mrs. The point is that, in elaborating his theory, he has constructed a work of art, and that it is a mistake to make the validity of works of art depend on a correspondence with actuality.
She frequently makes mention of her vivid imagination and the emotions that she allows to actively control her thoughts, even admitting to Mrs. Flora says that the governess is cruel and that she wants to get away from her, and the governess collapses on the ground in hysterics.
Hired by a bachelor to take care of his niece and nephew, the governess barely arrives at their country home before she starts seeing ghosts. Grose assume that Miles and Flora must be good and pure because they are beautiful.
And that is even scarier to her than the fact that she keeps seeing ghosts. Conversely, ugliness was often connected to moral turpitude. She is alone with the illiterate housekeeper, a good and simple soul, and the children, who seem innocent and charming.
Our advice to you? More By This Author: Complication The mysterious male figure appears atop the tower, then at the dining room window; the Governess and Mrs.
The novel follows an idealistic governess as she meets a mysterious man and agrees to go to a secluded country house to take care of his niece and nephew. They are not always emotionally perverted. Peter Quint is definitely evil.
They have something which he has not had, know something which he does not know; and, lacking the clue of love, he can only pedantically misunderstand them.
The apparitions now begin to appear at night, and the governess becomes convinced that the children get up to meet them, though they are able to give plausible explanations of their behavior.
The governess decides she will stay at Bly. One is a world-famous writer whose hefty novels The Portrait of a Lady weighs in at pages are studies in psychology, who spent most of his career pitting the provincialism and optimism of the American mindset against the world-weary sophistication of the European mindset, and who Encyclopedia Britannica says is "recognized as one of the subtlest craftsman who ever practiced the art of the novel.
Most good stories start with a fundamental list of ingredients: She rises to investigate, moving to the landing above the staircase. While always protesting that she would prefer if they were not evil, the governess continually contrasts their physical beauty with the evil she now thinks has touched them.
Cite References Print James, Henry. At the same time that she is appalled by people of different classes mixing, she herself is guilty of attempting to mix with other classes. Miss Jessel appears frequently to the governess and to the children, who refuse to admit the appearances. Certainly James has put himself into The Sacred Fount, and certainly he has intended some sort of fable about the imaginative mind and the material with which it works.
However, during the turn of the twentieth century, there was instead a fascination with the evil that beauty could hide. As she wanders about the estate, she thinks often how delightful it would be to come suddenly round the corner and find that the master had arrived: When he demands to go back to school, she embraces him and begs him to tell her why he was sent away; appealing to him with what seems to her desperate tenderness but what must seem queer and disquieting to the child, she insists that all she wants is to save him.A short summary of Henry James's The Turn of the Screw.
This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of The Turn of the Screw. Foreshadowing in The Turn of the Screw; Study Help; Summary and Analysis Prologue"" Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List. Summary. A group of visitors are gathered around a fireplace discussing the possible horror of a ghost appearing to a young, innocent child.
A man named Douglas wonders if one child "gives the effect another turn. The Turn of the Screw: Theme Analysis, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.
The Turn of the Screw Henry James Turn of the Screw literature essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Turn of the Screw.
Dive deep into Henry James' The Turn of the Screw with extended analysis, commentary, and discussion.
The beginning of the story is set up very neatly for us; first, Douglas gives us the critical background information on the Governess in the Prologue, then we immediately see her arrive at Bly, ready to start her job.
The Governess receives a letter from Miles's school (via her employer in London.Download