The Persian defeat at Salamis would have had little strategic impact had Xerxes not feared the Greeks would attack his bridge across the Hellespont, isolating him in Greece. It had the power to send envoys asking for assistance and to dispatch troops from the member states to defensive points after joint consultation.
I will get on it right away. He fled back to Persia, and shutting himself in his palace spent the rest of his life in idle pleasure. The Spartans had very few ships to contribute, but they regarded themselves the natural leaders of any joint Greek military expedition, and always insisted that the Spartan general would be given command on such occasions.
The article has been written mainly using ancient Greek sources. It had the power to send envoys asking for assistance and to dispatch troops from the member states to defensive points after joint consultation.
Dispositions[ edit ] In the Allied fleet, the Athenians were on the left, and on the right were probably the Spartans although Diodorus says it was the Megareans and Aeginetians ; the other contingents were in the center.
The section lacks background! He ordered the fleet to return to the Hellespont to protect his bridge, and the army to abandon Attica and go into winter quarters. Herodotus clearly believed that the Persian fleet actually entered the Straits at nightfall, planning to catch the Allies as they fled.
His fears magnified a minor defeat into a major withdrawal. It should be removed or relocated. The original statement, that they had merely hoplites to contribute, is an exaggeration based on the fact that the Spartans valued infantrymen over naval ships.
Removed text[ edit ] I removed this text, since I found it not very informative when did it take place and hardly an encylopedia entry "most stupendous moment in history". It is said that it was the Immortals, the elite Persian Royal Guard, who during the battle had to evacuate to Psyttaleia after their ships sank: The main difference of course is that in modern Western democracies there is a much higher portion of the population who are considered citizens with rights, compared to ancient Greek states.
Xerxes and most of his army retreated to the Hellespont, where Xerxes wanted to march his army back over the bridge of ships he had created before the Greeks arrived to destroy it although they had in fact decided not to do this.
He also brought with him the lords and ladies of his court to enjoy the spectacle. I skipped the ship number cites but I added a few extra cites, for example Herodotus VIII, 85 reports the reproach of the ghost of a woman. The Spartans wanted to withdraw the fleet to protect Corinth from a Persian attack.
If then you so desire, let us straightway attack the Peloponnese, or if it pleases you to wait, that also we can do Nor can you say that we have anywhere done less than brave men should, and if Phoenicians and Egyptians and Cyprians and Cilicians have so done, it is not the Persians who have any part in this disaster.
This should be used to replace primary sources except for direct quotes. While he was no tyrant, he used his connections, his oratory skills, and the Athenian process of ostracism to dominate the political scene. Perhaps he deserves a mention here?
The Persian ships in the rear collided with those in the front line, causing great confusion. For instance, it is widely accepted by historians that numbers from Herodotus should not be taken literally as he tended to exaggerate, specially regarding the size of the Persian armies and navies.
As a Greek, I can say this.Focus Questions: 1. How was Xerxes forced into a journey of revenge due to is kingship?
Perhaps Xerxes feared that news of Salamis would reach Ionia and encourage revolt. Whatever the reason, Xerxes withdrew the fleet and sent it to winter stations neat the Dardanelles and Ionia.
Xerxes took no more interest in military matters and. The main battle was planned to take place in Salamis toward the end of September. Therefore, the Decree of Troezen is not only compatible with several elements of Herodotus’ narration but also helps to interpret the Histories in a.
The Battle of Salamis was a naval battle between the Greek city-states and Persia, fought in September, BC in the straits between Piraeus and Salamis, a small island in the Saronic Gulf near Athens, Greece. The Birth of Military Strategy: Enter the Battle of Salamis.
Share on Facebook F; Enter the Battle of Salamis. the cities of Greece were aware of Xerxes. Persian Wars: Battle of Salamis. Search the site GO. History & Culture. Military History Naval Battles Military History Naval Battles Battles & Wars Key Figures Placing his throne on the slopes of Mount Aigaleos, Xerxes prepared to watch the coming battle.
While the night passed without incident, the following morning a group of. Battle of Salamis: Battle of Salamis, ( bc), battle in the Greco-Persian Wars in which a Greek fleet defeated much larger Persian naval forces in the straits at Salamis, between the island of Salamis and the Athenian port-city of Piraeus.
By the Persian king Xerxes and his army had overrun much of Greece, and.Download